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Allgemein Dyslexia Legasthenie

Wie ergeht es legasthenen Menschen beim Lesen ?

Es ist so schwierig, zu beschreiben, wie es legasthenen Mensch beim Lesen und Schreiben ergehen kann.
Bitte beachten Sie, dass Legasthenie und Intelligenz voneinander unabhängig sind. Die Videoanimation wurde sehr einfühlsam von Studenten und Professoren als Projekt des new Health Design Technology Institutes erstellt. Eine Bitte und Anregung an Lehrer und Eltern an dieser Stelle: Helfen Sie dem legasthenen Kind, aufmerksam zu sein – seien Sie geduldig. Weitere wertvolle Tipps im Umgang mit legasthenen Menschen finden Sie hier.
[youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gwZLFTW4OGY&fmt=18]
Einen weiteren netten deutschen Beitrag zum Thema LRS/Legasthenie finden Sie hier. In diesem Bericht spricht man auch in Deutschland von genbedingter Anlage. Die Einstufung als Schwerbehinderung inkl. Ausweis bzw. Krankheit lehne ich jedoch ab.

LRS – Legasthenie – MyVideo

Kategorien
Legasthenie

Neue wissenschaftliche Forschungen: dem Legasthenie-Gen auf der Spur !

(pte/02.10.2008/) – Ein Gentest könnte bereits im Kleinkindalter Neigungen zur Lese- und Rechtschreibschwäche feststellen, um Betroffenen durch spezielle Förderungen im Kindergarten zu helfen. Das sagt Arndt Wilcke, der Leiter der Forschungsgruppe “Legasthenie” am Leipziger Fraunhofer-Institut für Zelltherapie und Immunologie, im pressetext-Interview. Der Forscher sucht nach Genen, die für die Legasthenie verantwortlich sind und die zu einer frühen Diagnose helfen können. Denn in der Behandlung befinden sich Eltern und Therapeuten im Wettlauf mit der Zeit: Je später Legasthenie erkannt wird, desto schwieriger ist ihre Überwindung.
Zahlreiche Forschungen deuten darauf hin, dass Legasthenie vor allem genetische Ursachen hat. 2006 hat ein deutsch-schwedisches Forscherteam ein Gen mit der Bezeichnung “DCDC2” identifiziert, das beim Embryo die Wanderung der Nervenzellen im Gehirn steuert. Ist das Gen fehlerhaft, gelangen die Nervenzellen an falsche Stellen und können eine spätere Legasthenie verursachen. Es wird jedoch angenommen, dass auch weitere Gene die Leseschwäche auslösen können. Um diese zu finden, nimmt Wilcke Speichelproben von Kindern mit Lese- und Rechtschreibschwäche, extrahiert die DNA und vergleicht bestimmte Gene mit denen nicht betroffener Kinder. “Gibt es signifikante Unterschiede, so ist das ein erster Hinweis, dass dieses Gen bei der Ausbildung der Legasthenie eine Rolle spielt”, erklärt Wilcke.
Sind die entscheidenden Gene einmal entschlüsselt, kann Legasthenie schon lange vor dem Schuleintritt erkannt werden. Wilcke schwebt ein Gentest für Kleinkinder vor, der schon im Alter von zwei Jahren eine Gefährdung diagnostiziert. Bis ein solcher Test einsatzbereit ist, wird allerdings noch einige Zeit vergehen, “mindestens fünf Jahre” hält Wilcke für realistisch.

Kategorien
Allgemein Dyskalkulie Legasthenie

Gleichgewicht entscheidet über schlechte Noten

“Sage mir, wie lange du auf einem Bein stehen kannst, und ich sage dir, welcheBalance Mathenote du hast.”
Volksschüler mit Gleichgewichtsstörungen haben einer Studie zufolge schlechtere Noten. Bei Kindern mit schweren Störungen des Gleichgewichts seien sie in den Fächern Deutsch, Mathematik und Sport um 0,6 bis 0,7 Notenstufen schlechter, erklärte der Aalener Mediziner Eckhard Hoffmann. “Damit habe ich überhaupt nicht gerechnet”, sagte der an der Hochschule Aalen lehrende Hörakustik-Professor. Zwei Drittel aller Volksschüler leiden seiner Untersuchung zufolge zumindest unter leichten Störungen des Gleichgewichts.
Schlechter Gleichgewichtstest lässt auf schlechte Noten schließen
Hoffmann hatte 1.756 Kinder an sieben hessischen Schulen untersucht. Je schlechter diese bei einem Gleichgewichtstest abschnitten, desto schlechter waren ihre durchschnittlichen Noten. “Das ist fast so, als könnte man zu einem Kind sagen: Sage mir, wie lange du auf einem Bein stehen kannst, und ich sage dir, welche Mathenote du hast”, erklärte der Mediziner. Die Ergebnisse ließen sich sicherlich auf das gesamte Bundesgebiet übertragen.
Auswirkung auch bei leichten Störungen
Selbst bei Kindern mit leichten Störungen ist die Schulleistung laut Hoffmann um bis zu 0,3 Notenstufen schlechter. Nach Ansicht des Mediziners ist ein Training des Gleichgewichtssinns eine gute Maßnahme zur Verbesserung des Lernerfolgs. “Wir haben hier einen Ansatzpunkt, der bisher extrem vernachlässigt wurde.” Bereits in den Kindergärten müsse die Stärkung des Gleichgewichtssinns gefördert werden.

Kategorien
Allgemein Dyslexia Legasthenie

Tracing Business Acumen to Dyslexia

Article by By BRENT BOWERS Published: December 6, 2007 NY Times
It has long been known that dyslexics are drawn to running their own businesses, where they can get around their weaknesses in reading and writing and play on their strengths. But a new study of entrepreneurs in the United States suggests that dyslexia is much more common among small-business owners than even the experts had thought.
The report, compiled by Julie Logan, a professor of entrepreneurship at the Cass Business School in London, found that more than a third of the entrepreneurs she had surveyed — 35 percent — identified themselves as dyslexic. The study also concluded that dyslexics were more likely than nondyslexics to delegate authority, to excel in oral communication and problem solving and were twice as likely to own two or more businesses.
“We found that dyslexics who succeed had overcome an awful lot in their lives by developing compensatory skills,” Professor Logan said in an interview. “If you tell your friends and acquaintances that you plan to start a business, you’ll hear over and over, ‘It won’t work. It can’t be done.’ But dyslexics are extraordinarily creative about maneuvering their way around problems.”
The study was based on a survey of 139 business owners in a wide range of fields across the United States. Professor Logan called the number who said they were dyslexic “staggering,” and said it was significantly higher than the 20 percent of British entrepreneurs who said they were dyslexic in a poll she conducted in 2001.
She attributed the greater share in the United States to earlier and more effective intervention by American schools to help dyslexic students deal with their learning problems. Approximately 10 percent of Americans are believed to have dyslexia, experts say.
One reason that dyslexics are drawn to entrepreneurship, Professor Logan said, is that strategies they have used since childhood to offset their weaknesses in written communication and organizational ability — identifying trustworthy people and handing over major responsibilities to them — can be applied to businesses.
“The willingness to delegate authority gives them a significant advantage over nondyslexic entrepreneurs, who tend to view their business as their baby and like to be in total control,” she said.
William J. Dennis Jr., senior research fellow at the Research Foundation of the National Federation of Independent Business, a trade group in Washington, said the study’s results “fit into the pattern of what we know about small-business owners.”
“Entrepreneurs are hands-on people who push a minimum of paper, do lots of stuff orally instead of reading and writing, and delegate authority, all of which suggests a high verbal facility,” Mr. Dennis said. “Compare that with corporate managers who read, read, read.”
Indeed, according to Professor Logan, only 1 percent of corporate managers in the United States have dyslexia.
Much has been written about the link between dyslexia and entrepreneurial success. Fortune Magazine, for example, ran a cover story five years ago about dyslexic business leaders, including Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Atlantic Airways; Charles R. Schwab, founder of the discount brokerage firm that bears his name; John T. Chambers, chief executive of Cisco; and Paul Orfalea, founder of the Kinko’s copy chain.
Similarly, Rosalie P. Fink, a professor at Lesley College in Cambridge, Mass., wrote a paper in 1998 on 60 highly accomplished people with dyslexia.
But Professor Logan said hers was the first study that she knew of that tried to measure the percentage of entrepreneurs who have dyslexia. Carl Schramm, president of the Kauffman Foundation, which financed the research, agreed. He said the findings were surprising but, he said, there was no previous baseline to measure it against.
Emerson Dickman , president of the International Dyslexia Association in Baltimore and a lawyer in Maywood, N.J., said the study’s findings “just make sense.”
“Individuals who have difficulty reading and writing tend to deploy other strengths,” Mr. Dickman, who has dyslexia, said. “They rely on mentors, and as a result, become very good at reading other people and delegating duties to them. They become adept at using visual strengths to solve problems.”
Mr. Orfalea, 60, who left Kinko’s — now FedEx Kinko’s — seven years ago, and who now dabbles in a hodgepodge of business undertakings, is almost proud of having dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
“I get bored easily, and that is a great motivator,” he said. “I think everybody should have dyslexia and A.D.D.”
He attributes his success to his difficulty with reading and writing because it forced him to master verbal communication.
“I didn’t have a lot of self-confidence as a kid,” he said. “And that is for the good. If you have a healthy dose of rejection in your life, you are going to have to figure out how to do it your way.”
He said his biggest advantage was his realization that because of his many inadequacies, he had to delegate important tasks to subordinates. “My motto is: Anybody else can do anything better than me,” he said.
Danny Kessler, 26, also has dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Mr. Kessler founded Angels with Attitude, which holds seminars for women on self-defense. He is a co-founder of Club E Network (www.clubenetwork.com), which sponsors “networking events,” runs an online chat room for entrepreneurs and produces television shows about them.
Like Mr. Orfalea, he said he had low self-esteem as a child, and now views that as a catapult into the entrepreneurial world. “I told myself I would never be a lawyer or a doctor,” he said. “But I wanted to make a lot of money. And I knew business was the only way I was going to do it.”
In high school, Mr. Kessler said, “I became cool with the teachers. I developed a rapport with them. I was able to convince almost all of them to nudge my grade up just a bit. I adopted a strategy for squeezing through the system.”
As for the importance of entrusting tasks to others, Mr. Kessler says his limitations have endowed him with a “razor sharp” intuition that allows him to ascertain within minutes of meeting people whether he can depend on them and what they would be good at in an organization.
Drew Devitt, 45, who also has dyslexia, said he started Thoughtware Products in college to produce videos for real estate brokers. Today, he runs a successful $9 million company in Aston, Pa., called New Way Air Bearings that makes bearings for precision machine tools.
Asked about mentors, Mr. Devitt ticks off a list, and it is a long one, beginning with his parents, who sold imported bearing materials out of their home.
Indirectly, he confirmed that he gives free rein to his deputies. Asked about the claim on his company’s Web site that it is a “market leader,” he sighed. “That’s not something I would say,” he said. “Actually, it’s baloney. But that’s what our marketing people came up with. You can’t do everything. You have to let people do their job.”

Kategorien
Dyslexia

Hyper Kids ? Check Their Diet

Parents have long observed that some kids go bonkers after eating foods with a lot of artificial ingredients or neon-bright colors. Medical researchers–not to mention the food industry–have been skeptical; there was no proof of this effect, at least nothing like a double-blind, controlled study.

Kategorien
Legasthenie

Jagd auf das Dyslexie-Gen

Fast 23 Millionen EU-Bürger leiden unter Legasthenie. Viele Betroffene brechen vorzeitig die Schule ab, auch ihr beruflicher und sozialer Erfolg wird stark beeinflusst. Die Ursachen des Phänomens sind noch weitgehend unerforscht. Das europaweite Projekt “Neurodys – Dyslexia genes and neurobiological pathways” will diesen Ursachen nun auf den Grund gehen.Unter anderem soll während des dreijährigen Projekts die weltweit größte Datenbank zu genetischen Befunden von Betroffenen entstehen. Dyslexie entsteht durch das Zusammenwirken mehrerer Gene. Ziel des Projekts ist es darum, möglichst alle an der Legasthenie beteiligten Erbanlagen zu identifizieren.

Kategorien
Dyslexia

Eating seafood twice weekly will make you healthy and wise

World dyslexis food
NEW YORK – Eating seafood twice a week is good for you, Americans have been told.
New US guidelines recommend that people, especially children and pregnant and nursing women, eat seafood that often.
The guidelines summarise scientific findings presented at a conference in Washington reiterating that seafood helps people to live longer and healthier, cutting the risk for heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s, stroke, diabetes and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
The conference was sponsored by the Governments of the US, Norway, Canada and Iceland, aided by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation.
Nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, iodine, iron and choline, present in fish such as wild and farmed salmon, shrimp and catfish, are important in brain development and may lessen the effects of dyslexia, autism, hyperactivity and attention-deficit disorder, researchers have found, and some studies have linked those nutrients with increased intelligence in infants and children.
William E.M. Lands, a retired professor of biochemistry at the University of Michigan and the University of Illinois says, “not eating seafood is more harmful than eating it”.

Kategorien
Dyslexia

University of Denver: Discovery may cut risk for dyslexia

LegasthenieAs is the case with many toddlers, Michael Thieme’s early spoken language was quirky. He called his older brother William “Illiam,” for example. “He couldn’t get his W’s out,” his mother, Annette Thieme, said. Unlike most, Michael had speech problems that persisted into kindergarten, putting him at risk for the reading difficulty known as dyslexia. Michael’s parents didn’t stop at speech therapy. They also enrolled both sons in a five-year study at the University of Denver to uncover why early speech and language problems so often lead to dyslexia. The study, which just ended, showed a genetic link between early speech problems and later dyslexia. Both problems showed up in the same genetic regions, said DU psychologist Bruce Pennington.

Kategorien
Legasthenie

Aufmerksame Hörer mit vier Pfoten

Hund dem vorgelesen wirdLeseschwache Kinder in den USA machen erstaunliche Fortschritte, wenn sie Hunden vorlesen
Der elfjährige Shawn Helgeson nimmt sein Lieblingsbuch («Der Wachhund und die Kojoten») vom Regal in der öffentlichen Bibliothek in Gresham im US-Staat Oregon und macht sich parat, die Geschichte seinem Freund Patrick vorzulesen. Dieser sitzt neben Shawn, schaut ihn erwartungsvoll an und hört dann gespannt zu, als Shawn ihm die Geschichte vom Wachhund erzählt. Manchmal scheint Patrick sogar zu lachen. .

Kategorien
Dyslexia

Yet more genetic clues to dyslexia discovered

dyslexic BrainA year after scientists discovered a gene whose flaw contributes to dyslexia, scientists have identified two more such genes.
The findings strongly support the idea that many people deemed lazy or stupid because of severe reading problems may have a genetic disorder that interfered with the connections in their brains before birth.
Dr Albert Galaburda of the Harvard Medical School, an authority on developmental disorders who was not involved in the latest discoveries, said the combined findings meant that, for the first time, “we have a link between genes, brain development and a complex behavioural syndrome”.
A genetic test for dyslexia should be available within a year or less, researchers into the condition said. Children in families that have a history of the disorder could be tested before they started learning to read. If children were carrying a genetic risk of dyslexia they could be put in early intervention programs.